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Jesus Christ Our Passover
By Victor Paul Wierwille : Published 1980 (Excerpts from)
To understand the significance of Jesus Christ as our Passover is to come face to face with God's magnificent plan of all ages. This research study encompasses the events of two critical months of God's intervention in human history. After the introduction, which sets the content and context of events, the book begins as scrutiny of the Biblical record from
six days before Jesus' crucifixion, through the crucifixion,
the resurrection, the ascension, and, finally, the great day of Pentecost.
And there are also many other things which Jesus did,
the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world
itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed,
rightly dividing the word of truth.
If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came,
and the scripture cannot be broken;
Preface supplemental 1,
Map of the Holy Land at the time of Christ.
Details of the week of Nisan covered here.
Note:For convenience we mark sunset at 6:00pm and sunrise at 6:00am.
A 24 hour day is marked from sunset to sunset.
God's word repeatedly establishes that the Passover lamb was killed during the afternoon
of the fourteenth of Nisan (changed by the Babylonian captivity from Abib).
For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly;
so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
72 full hours buried.
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain
upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,)
besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
Note: On the fourteenth of Nisan Jesus was crucified, not a Friday as we thought.
When studied in a biblical context it was a high sabbath, the fourteenth,
not a Friday the day before a normal sabbath.
Using the above facts we have collected, we can now ascertain, that Jesus died on Wednesday
afternoon 14th Nisan about ninth hour (3 pm). And Jesus arose on Saturday
the seventeenth of Nisan which is why the tomb was empty Sunday morning.
John 1:29 & 36
The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him,
and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!
1Peter 1:18 & 19
Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, .....
But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:
Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened.
For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us
Jesus Christ was our passover lamb, the lamb of God.
The Gospel of John, begins setting the stage for the events of this final Passover,
by revealing what happened six days prior to it on the eighth of Nisan.
Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany,
where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.
There they made him a supper; and Martha served:
but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.
Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly,
and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair:
and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.
This is where Mary anointed Jesus' feet with the oil to signify God's Anointed One.
The next day on the Mount of Olives, Jesus begins His entry into Jerusalem,
as a Judge (Judges 5:10) riding on a young ass.
( Mark 11:2-7 1st entry to Jerusalem on the ninth of Nisan - Judgement)
On the next day much people that were come to the feast,
when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,
And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple:
and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come,
he went out unto Bethany with the twelve.
This concludes the ninth of Nisan the Friday before normal sabbath ....
Teaching daily in the temple.....
And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?
And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord,
Sit thou on my right hand, Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem:
behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly,
and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
( Matthew 21:1-7 2nd entry to Jerusalem on the tenth of Nisan,
the day of the selection of the passover lamb. - Blessings)
Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer:
but ye have made it a den of thieves.(Matthew 21:12-13;Mark 11:15-17)
On the eleventh of Nisan
Pharisees question Jesus' authority Matthew 21:23
Destruction of the temple foretold :
Matthew 24:1-2; Mark 13:1-2; Luke 21:5-6
And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately,
saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming,
and of the end of the world?
Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled?
And they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be?
and what sign will there be when these things shall come to pass?
The known events of the eleventh of Nisan conclude with
the conspiracy of the religious leaders.
As the twelfth of Nisan begins at sunset on our Sunday, Jesus returned from the Mount of Olives to Bethany to eat supper at the house of Simon the leper.( Matthew 26:6-13 & Mark 14:3-9 )
Matthew 26:6-7 & 12
Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, There came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment,
and poured it on his head, as he sat at meat....
For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did it for my burial.
Mshka ointment and anointed his head "the Anointed One" as king. After eating supper at Simon's, Judas Iscariot left the Group. He went to the chief priests to collaborate with them for the capture of Jesus. Luke 22:1-3 clearly states "Satan entered into Judas" possessing him.
The price for Jesus was 30 pieces of silver (Matthew 26:14-16).
On this day, the thirteenth of Nisan,began to unfold the most harrowing hours of human experience. Monday evening, around sunset beginning this new day.
Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve. And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him,
Lord, is it I? And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me. The Son of man goeth as it is written of him:
but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed!
it had been good for that man if he had not been born.
Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said,
Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said,
Take this, and divide it among yourselves: For I say unto you,
I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them,
saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.
Likewise also the cup after supper, saying,
This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet,
and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded. Then cometh he to Simon Peter:
and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? Jesus answered and said unto him,
What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter. Peter saith unto him,
Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him,
If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.
Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.
If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet;
ye also ought to wash one another's feet.
For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.
Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord;
neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.
A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another;
as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.
By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples,
if ye have love one to another.
This discourse, occurring sometime after the first prediction
Peter's denial(1,2,3) is recorded in
Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. Jesus saith unto him,I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father.
And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.
If ye love me, keep my commandments.
But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do.
Arise, let us go hence.
Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples,
Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder.
(Mark 14:32;Luke 22:40;John 18:1)
And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee,
and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. Then saith he unto them,
My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.
And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying,
O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me:
nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.
And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter,
What, could ye not watch with me one hour? Watch and pray,
that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing,
but the flesh is weak.
Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.
And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.
He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying,
O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me,
except I drink it, thy will be done.
And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy.
And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.
Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest:
Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.
And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him.
And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.
But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?
And one of them smote the servant of the high priest,
and cut off his right ear. And Jesus answered and said,
Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.
Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place:
for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.
Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father,
and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?
But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?
When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me:
but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.(Mt 26:55;Mr 14:49;Joh 18:11)
The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine. Jesus answered him,
I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple,
whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me,
what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.
And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying,
Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him,
and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? And Jesus said,
I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power,
and coming in the clouds of heaven.
But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him,
I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ,
the Son of God. Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said:
nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting
on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
Art thou the Christ? tell us.
And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe:
And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go.
Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.
Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them,
Ye say that I am.
From this point on, it gets really difficult to write this section,
in all the true details of the abuse our Lord suffered for our salvation.
But I feel it is absolutely imperative that we detail this section
to fully understand the abuse He withstood for our sins and healings.
Special note: In the Greek the phrase "struck with the palm of his hand" is one word
"rhapisma". It can mean to slap sharply with the palms,
or to beat repeatedly with a rod. Since Jesus used the word "smitest,"
in this case he must have been hit with a rod. The word "smitest" in verse 23
is the Greek word "dero", meaning "to skin, flay, or scourge."
A rod here would have been a thin flexible whip like cane.
Still the night of the thirteenth of Nisan.....
And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And Peter went out, and wept bitterly. And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him. And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?
Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands, Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?
And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
Sunrise of the thirteenth of Nisan.....
When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying,
Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews?
And he answering said unto him, Thou sayest it.
And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews?
And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it.
And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction,
he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.
And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad:
for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him;
and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him.
Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing.
And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him,
and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate.
And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together:
for before they were at enmity between themselves.
Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews? Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?
Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done? Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.
Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then?
Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born,
and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth.
Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. Pilate saith unto him,
What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews,
and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.
In delivering Jesus to his accusers' will, Pilate had him flogged by his soldiers
again with whips with pieces of metal or bone on the end of the thongs.
Special note: In the Greek the phrase "struck with the palm of his hand" is one word
"rhapisma". It can mean to slap sharply with the palms,
or to beat repeatedly with a rod. The use of the word "smote,"
in this case he must have been hit with a rod. The word "smitest"
is the Greek word "dero", meaning "to skin, flay, or scourge."
A rod here would have been a thin flexible whip like cane.
And they spit upon him, and took the reed,
and smote him on the head. And after that they had mocked him,
they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him,
and led him away to crucify him.
And so Pilate, willing to content the people,
released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him,
to be crucified. And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium;
and they call together the whole band. And they clothed him with purple,
and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head,
And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!
And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him,
and bowing their knees worshipped him. And when they had mocked him,
they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him,
and led him out to crucify him.
Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.
And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head,
and they put on him a purple robe, And said, Hail, King of the Jews!
and they smote him with their hands.
And when they had platted a crown of thorns,
they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him,
and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!
Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them,
Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.
Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe.
And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!
When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out,
saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them,
Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.
The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die,
because he made himself the Son of God. When Pilate therefore heard that saying,
he was the more afraid;
And went again into the judgment hall,
and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me?
knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?
Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me,
except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered
me unto thee hath the greater sin.
And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour:
and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! But they cried out,
Away with him, away with him, crucify him.
Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King?
The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified.
And they took Jesus, and led him away.
From this point in the scriptures, there are very few details about the next 18 hours before the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. The brutality of that time period was done in the privacy of the Praetorium by Roman guard until the following morning about the third hour when He was led out to be crucified. On the forteenth of Nisan to die just before sunset. This 18 hours is upheld by these two verses.
John 19:14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour:
and he (Pilate) saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! (12 noon on the 13th)
Between theses two verses is the missing day from the 13th to the 14th.
Jesus was abused by the Roman guard that evening and crucified the next morning.
Mark 15:25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. (9am on the 14th)
From Third hour (9am) to the sixth hour (noon) then from sixth hour to ninth hour(3pm) darkness over all the land then Jesus died. Six hours Jesus endured being crucified.
Matthew 27:45-46 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Matthew 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
For a simple summary please review this chart of the whole seven days.
Remember sunset starts a new day, the 12th hour or 6pm.
The fourteenth of Nisan
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name:
him they compelled to bear his cross. And when they were come unto
a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,
And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him,
and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.
And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country,
the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.
And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted,
The place of a skull.
And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.
And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?
And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.
And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary,
there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand,
and the other on the left.
And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
From this point on, is what occurred during the crucifixion on The fourteenth of Nisan.
They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink. And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. And sitting down they watched him there; And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left. And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross. Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said, He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not. And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS. And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, Save thyself, and come down from the cross. Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save. Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him. And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots. And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst. And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written I have written. Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did. Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
These events occurred just after Jesus' death and close to or at sunset ending the fourteenth of Nisan and thus beginning the fifthteenth of Nisan at sunset. The High Holy day of Passover.
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias. And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him. Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God. And many women were there beholding afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto him: Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children. When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre.
And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? And some of them that stood by, when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth Elias. And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down. And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost. And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God. There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome; (Who also, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered unto him;) and many other women which came up with him unto Jerusalem. And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus. And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead. And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph. And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre. And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses beheld where he was laid.
And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man. And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned. And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things. And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a good man, and a just: (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God. This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced. And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.
This point completes the 14th of Nisan and begins the 15th of Nisan night 1 of 3 in the grave. 16th,17th thus rising at sunset on Saturday the 17th and on Sunday morning He was not in the tomb. It was at thisd point that the above verse from Matthew actually occurred. Here is the immeadiate result of Jesus' ressurection.
Matthew 27:52-53 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.
Now for the most misunderstood passage in this section. The reason these words were not trtanslated is because they are Aramaic
Lama = Lnma is used as a declaration of "for this purpose" or "for this reason"
Sabachthani (or shbqthni) Root word being shbq which means "to spare, to leave, to reserve, or to keep which in hebrew is shaar.
In the light of this translation error the true meaning is as follows.
My God, my God, for this purpose I was reserved.(or spared)
Followed by it is finished all of God's work for Him.
Matthew Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Mark Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
Luke Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit:
John It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
John: Jesus said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
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I have completed only the 1st part of this study of this book.
Jesus Christ Our Passover
By Victor Paul Wierwille : Published 1980
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